The Present Perfect Continuous Tense. Упражнения

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Exercise 1. Составьте предложения в the Present Perfect Continuous Tense.

  1.  I/to read/this book/for three days.
  2.  We/to play volleyball/ for twenty minutes.
  3.  She/to clean/the flat/for more than an hour.
  4.  Peter/to swim/for half an hour.
  5.  Anna/to speak/on the phone/for an hour now.
  6. You/to wait/for a bus/for ten minutes only.
  7.  Nelly and Mary/to do the shopping/since early morning.
  8.  It/to snow/since last night.
  9.  Jack and his friend/ to ride bikes/for three hours now.
  10. The teacher/to explain/ a grammar rule/since the beginning of the lesson.

Answers: 1. I have been reading this book for three days. 2. We have been playing volleyball for twenty minutes. 3. She has been cleaning the flat for more than an hour. 4. Peter has been swimming for half an hour. 5. Anna has been speaking on the phone for an hour now. 6. You have been waiting for a bus for ten minutes only. 7. Nelly and Mary have been doing the shopping since early morning. 8. It has been snowing since last night. 9. Jack and his friend have been riding bikes for three hours now. 10. The teacher has been explaining a grammar rule since the beginning of the lesson.

Exercise 2. Поставьте глаголы в скобках в правильную форму.

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  1. Helen … (to wash) the dishes for fifteen minutes.
  2.  My classmates … (to write) a dictation since the beginning of the lesson.
  3. Sam … (to drive) a car for five hours now.
  4.  I … (to look) for information on the subject since last Friday.
  5.  Molly … (to paint) this picture for three days now.
  6.  The tourists … (to do) the sightseeing since nine o’clock.
  7.  You … (to work) as a computer programmer for more than fifteen years.
  8.  The wind … (to blow) since yesterday.
  9. My grandfather … (to collect) coins since he was a boy.
  10.  Andy and Den … (to discuss) the plans for their winter holidays for two hours now.

Answers: 1.has been washing; 2.have been writing; 3. has been driving; 4. have been looking; 5. has been painting; 6. have been doing; 7.have been working; 8. has been blowing; 9. has been collecting; 10. have been discussing.

Exercise 3.  Сделайте предложения отрицательными.

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  1.  You have been writing a report since morning.
  2. We have been working in the garden for three hours.
  3.  I have been typing letters since ten o’clock.
  4. Tom has been running for twenty minutes.
  5.  A cat has been sitting in the tree for an hour.
  6.  Jane has been studying English for two years.
  7.  They have been building this house for more than a year.
  8.  My parents have been travelling for a week.
  9. I have been having a lesson for fifteen minutes now.
  10.  They have been walking since afternoon.

Answers: 1.You haven’t been writing a report since morning. 2. We haven’t been working in the garden for three hours. 3.I haven’t been typing letters since ten o’clock. 4.Tom hasn’t been running for twenty minutes. 5.A cat hasn’t been sitting in the tree for an hour. 6. Jane hasn’t been studying English for two years. 7. They haven’t been building this house for more than a year. 8. My parents haven’t been travelling for a week. 9. I haven’t been having a lesson for fifteen minutes now. 10. They haven’t been walking since afternoon.

Exercise 4. Поставьте глаголы в скобках в правильную форму.

рыбалка

  1. Kevin … (to fish) since early morning.
  2. Kim … (not to pack) her things for so long.
  3.  You … (to iron) clothes all day.
  4.  Allan … (not to wear) this jacket for three years.
  5. I … (not to walk) a dog since four o’clock.
  6.  Monica and Sue …(to paint) the walls of the house since ten o’clock in the morning.
  7.  Mr May … (to read) this article for more than half an hour now.
  8.  It … (not to rain) since afternoon.
  9.  My neighbours … (to make) a noise since seven o’clock in the morning.
  10.  Brad … (fo try) to catch a taxi for fifteen minutes now.

Answers: 1. has been fishing; 2.hasn’t been packing; 3. have been ironing; 4. hasn’t been wearing; 5. haven’t been walking; 6. have been painting; 7.has been reading; 8. hasn’t been raining; 9. have been making; 10.has been trying.

Exercise 5. Сделайте предложения  вопросительными.

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  1. He has been boating for four hours.
  2.  We have been skating since eleven o’clock.
  3.  Lucy has been learning this poem for twenty minutes.
  4.  You have been writing this article since afternoon.
  5.  My parents have been working in the hospital for thirteen years.
  6.  The music has been playing for three hours.
  7.  We have been speaking since five o’clock.
  8.  Beth has been taking a bath for thirty-five minutes.
  9.  They have been preparing for the test for two days.
  10.  The baby has been crying for half an hour.

Answers: 1. Has he been boating for four hours? 2.Have we been skating since eleven o’clock? 3.Has Lucy been learning this poem for twenty
minutes? 4. Have you been writing this article since afternoon? 5.Have my parents been working in the hospital for thirteen years? 6. Has the music been playing for three hours? 7. Have we been speaking since five o’clock? 8. Has Beth been taking a bath for thirty-five minutes? 9. Have they been preparing for the test for two days? 10. Has the baby been crying for half an hour?

Exercise 6. Поставьте глаголы в скобках в правильную форму.

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  1.  … Jenny … (to wait) for her flight in the airport since twelve o’clock? — No, she …. She … (to wait) for her flight for forty minutes now.
  2. Can I talk with you? — Sorry, I’m busy. I … (to look) for one important paper for more than twenty minutes now and can’t find it.
  3.  Is Ed at home? — No, he is in the gym. He … (to train) since five o’clock.
  4.  … your mother …(to work) as a manager for ten years? — No, she …. She … (to work) as a manager for eighteen years.
  5.  Is Philip fixing the washing-machine? — Yes, he … (to fix) it since nine o’clock.
  6. Alison and Cindy … (not to paint) the walls in the room for two hours. They … (to work) since morning.
  7.  The Petersons … (to build) their house for three years now.
  8.  Is mother in the kitchen? — Yes, she … (to cook) since four o’clock.
  9. You look tired! — Well, I … (to gather) strawberries for more than two hours.
  10.  Where is Ben? — He is in his room. He … (to listen) to music since afternoon.

Answers: 1. Has Jenny been waiting for her flight in the airport since twelve o’clock? — No, she hasn’t. She has been waiting for her flight for forty minutes now. 2. Can I talk with you? — Sorry, I’m busy. I have been looking for one important paper for more than twenty minutes now and can’t find it. 3. Is Ed at home? — No, he is in the gym. He has been training since five o’clock. 4.Has your mother been working as a manager for ten years? — No, she hasn’t. She has been working as a manager for eighteen years. 5. Is Philip fixing the washing-machine? — Yes, he has been fixing it since nine o’clock. 6. Alison and Cindy haven’t been painting the walls in the room for two hours. They have been working since morning. 7. The Petersons have been building their house for three years now. 8. Is mother in the kitchen? — Yes, she has been cooking since four o’clock. 9. You look tired! — Well, I have been gathering strawberries for more than two hours. 10. Where is Ben? — He is in his room. He has been listening to music since afternoon.

Составляя специальные вопросы в настоящем совершенном длительном времени, слова распологают в таком порядке: : вопросительное слово (Wh-word), вспомогательный глагол have/has, подлежащее, глагол been и глагол-сказуемое (с окончанием -ing).
Wh-word + have + l/you/we/they + been + Ving

Wh-word + has + he/she/it/ + been + Ving?

Например:
What have you been doing? How long has he been working?
Вопросы к подлежащему образуются только с помощью вспомогательного глагола  has:
Who has been crying?

Exercise 7. Составьте вопрос к выделенным словосочетаниям.

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  1.  He has been speaking to his friend for an hour.
  2. We have been whitewashing the trees in the garden for two hours.
  3.  You have been telling us about your work since five o’clock.
  4.  She has been translating this text for half an hour.
  5.  They have been having lunch in the canteen since one o’clock.

Answers: 1.Who has been speaking to his friend for an hour? To whom has he been speaking for an hour? How long has he been speaking to his friend? 2.Who has been whitewashing the trees in the garden for two hours? What have we been doing in the garden for two hours? Where have we been whitewashing the trees for two hours? What have we been writewashing in the garden for two hours? 3. Who has been telling us about your work since five o’clock? Whom have you been telling about your work since five o’clock? Whose work have you been telling us about since five o’clock? What have you been telling us about since five o’clock? 4. What has she been doing for half an hour? What has she been translating for half an hour? How long has she been translating this text? 5. What have they been having in the canteen since one o’clock? Where have they been having lunch since one o’clock? How long have they been having lunch in the canteen?

Exercise 8. Составьте предложения, используя the Present Perfect Continuous Tense.

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  1. What/she/to read/since ten o’clock?
  2.  Where/we/to drive/ so long?
  3.  Den/not to ride/his motor-bike/since three o’clock.
  4. Dolly and Carol/to plant/flowers in the greenhouse for about an hour.
  5.  How long/Brian/to learn/English?
  6.  Linda/to prepare/for her test/since eight o’clock?
  7. Whom/you/to talk with/for fifty minutes?
  8.  Where/they/to play/tennis/since afternoon?
  9. The baby/to sleep/for three hours now.
  10.  We/ not to climb/this mountain/for an hour.

Answers: 1. What has she been reading since ten o’clock? 2. Where have we been driving so long? 3. Den hasn’t been riding his motor-bike since three o’clock. 4. Dolly and Carol have been planting flowers in the greenhouse for about an hour. 5. How long has Brian been learning English? 6. Has Linda been preparing for her test since eight o’clock? 7. Whom have you been talking with for fifty minutes? 8. Where have they been playing tennis since afternoon? 9. The baby has been sleeping for three hours now. 10. We haven’t been climbing this mountain for an hour.

Exercise 9. Поставьте глаголы в скобках в правильную форму  и прочитайте шутку.

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A girl is speaking on the phone. She … (to speak) for forty- five minutes now. Her father … (to wait) for an important call since afternoon and he is becoming angry. «How long … you … (to speak), Kate?» cries her father. Kate quickly hangs up the receiver. Her father looks puzzled, «Usually you speak for hours! What has happened now?» «Wrong number», answers Kate.

Answers: She has been speaking for forty-five minutes now. Her father has been waiting for an important call since afternoon and he is becoming angry. «How long have you been speaking. Kate?» cries her father.

Exercise 10. Поставьте глаголы в скобках в правильную форму.

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  1.  Put on your raincoat. It… (to rain) since night.
  2.  Is Frank in his room? What … he … (to do)? — He … (to prepare) for the French test.
  3.  Are Sue and Liz still in the garden? They … (to water) the flowers for an hour now! — No, they … (not to water) the flowers. They … (to weed) for more than an hour.
  4.  How long … you … (to travel) around the country? — I… (to travel) for two weeks now.
  5.  Ron should be careful. He … (to sunbathe) since eight o’clock.
  6. Whom … your boss … (to shout) at? — He … (to shout) at his new manager. She … (to work) in this office for only three days.
  7.  Cindy is worried. She … (to wait) for her parents to come home since six o’clock.
  8.  What …they … (to write) since three o’clock? — They … (to write) an article for the scientific journal.
  9. Aren’t Julia and Andrew at home yet? — They are still preparing for the conference in the library. They … (to prepare) for this conference for a week now.
  10.  How long … Mr Kane … (to wash) his car? — He … (to wash) it for more than an hour now.

Answers: 1. Put on your raincoat. It has been raining since night. 2. Is Frank in his room? What has he been doing? — He has been preparing for the French test. 3. Are Sue and Liz still in the garden? They have been watering the flowers for an hour now! — No, they haven’t been watering the flowers. They have been weeding for more than an hour. 4. How long have you been travelling around the country? — I have been travelling for two weeks now. 5. Ron should be careful. He has been sunbathing since eight o’clock. 6. Whom has your boss been shouting at? — He has been shouting at his new manager. She has been working in this office for only three days. 7. Cindy is worried. She has been waiting for her parents to come home since six o’clock. 8. What have they been writing since three o’clock? — They have been writing an article for the scientific journal. 9. Aren’t Julia and Andrew at home yet? — They are still preparing for the conference in the library. They have been preparing for this conference for a week now. 10. How long has Mr Kane been washing his car? — He has been washing it for more than an hour now.

Exercise 11. Переведите на английский язык.

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  1.  Они пишут диктант уже полчаса.
  2.  Моя естра убирает комнату с утра.
  3. Мальчики плавают в бассейне уже больше часа?
  4.  Он не смотрит телевизор с утра.
  5. Вы читаете эту книгу уже четыре дня? — Нет, я читаю ее только два дня.
  6.  Что она делает уже три часа? — Она готовится к экзаменам.
  7.  Как долго дети играют в парке? — Они играют с пяти часов.
  8.  Что ваш брат рассказывает уже двадцать минут? — Он рассказывает о своем попугае.
  9.  Какую статью он пишет с утра? — Он пишет статью об известном ученом.
  10.  Что они обсуждают уже больше часа? — Они обсуждают последние новости.

Answers: 1. They have been writing a dictation for half an hour already. 2. My sister has been cleaning the room since morning. 3. Have the boys been swimming in the swimming-pool for more than an hour now? 4.He hasn’t been watching TV since morning. 5. Have you been reading this book for four days? — No, I have been reading it for two days only. 6. What has she been doing for three hours? — She has been preparing for the exams. 7. How long have the children been playing in the park? — They have been playing since five o’clock. 8. What has your brother been telling about for twenty minutes already? — He has been telling about his parrot. 9. What article has he been writing since morning? — He has been writing an article about a famous scientist. 10. What have they been discussing for more than an hour now? — They have been discussing the latest news.

WELL DONE!

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Литература:

Павличенко О.М. Английский язык. Грамматический практикум. II уровень. — 2-е изд., испр. и доп. — X.: Ранок, 2012. — 304 с.

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